Ruskin Bond Biography


Ruskin Bond (born 19 May 1934) is an Indian writer of British descent. He lives along with his adopted household in Landour, Mussoorie, India. The Indian Council for Youngster Training has recognised his function within the development of kids’s literature in India. He was awarded the Sahitya Academy Award in 1992 for Our Bushes Nonetheless Develop in Dehra, his novel in English. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1999 and the Padma Bhushan in 2014.


Ruskin Bond was born to Edith Clarke and Aubrey Alexander Bond, in Kasauli, Punjab States Company, British India. His father taught English to the princesses of Jamnagar palace and Ruskin and his sister Ellen lived there until he was six. Later, Ruskin’s father joined the Royal Air Drive in 1939 and Ruskin alongside along with his mom and sister went to reside at his maternal dwelling at Dehradun.

Shortly after that he was despatched to a boarding college in Mussourie. When Bond was eight years previous, his mom separated from his father and married a Punjabi Hindu, Hari. His father organized for Ruskin to be dropped at New Delhi the place he was posted. He was very near his father and describes this era along with his father as one of many happiest occasions of his life. When he was ten, his father died of malaria, whereas he was posted in Calcutta. Ruskin was at his boarding college in Shimla and was knowledgeable about this tragedy by his instructor. He was totally heartbroken. Later, he was raised by his mom and stepfather who lived in Dehradun.

He did his education from Bishop Cotton College in Shimla, from the place he graduated in 1950. He gained a number of writing competitions within the college together with the Irwin Divinity Prize and the Hailey Literature Prize. He wrote certainly one of his first quick tales, “Untouchable”, on the age of sixteen in 1951.

Following his highschool training he went to his aunt’s dwelling within the Channel Islands (U.Okay.) in 1951 for higher prospects and stayed there for 2 years. In London, he began writing his first novel, The Room on the Roof, the semi-autobiographical story of the orphaned Anglo-Indian boy named Rusty; he did varied jobs for a residing. It gained the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize, (1957) awarded to a British Commonwealth author underneath 30. He moved to London and labored in a photograph studio whereas trying to find a writer. After getting it printed, Bond used the advance cash to pay the ocean passage to Bombay and settle in Dehradun.

He labored for a couple of years freelancing from Delhi and Dehradun. He sustained himself financially by writing quick tales and poems for newspapers and magazines. On his youth, he mentioned, “Generally I bought fortunate and a few [work] bought chosen and I earned a couple of hundred rupees. Since I used to be in my 20s and didn’t have any tasks I used to be simply completely satisfied to be doing what I liked doing finest.” In 1963, he went to reside in Mussoorie as a result of in addition to liking the place, it was near the editors and publishers in Delhi. He edited {a magazine} for 4 years. Within the 1980s, Penguin arrange in India and approached him to put in writing some books. He had written Vagrants within the Valley in 1956, as a sequel to The Room on the Roof. These two novels have been printed in a single quantity by Penguin India in 1993. The next 12 months a group of his non-fiction writings, The Finest Of Ruskin Bond was printed by Penguin India. His curiosity in supernatural fiction led him to put in writing well-liked titles comparable to Ghost Tales from the RajA Season of Ghosts, and A Face within the Darkish and different Hauntings. Since then he has written over 5 hundred quick tales, essays and novels, together with The Blue UmbrellaHumorous Facet UpA Flight of Pigeons and greater than 50 books for kids. He has additionally printed his autobiography: Scenes from a Author’s Life describes his early life rising up in Anglo-India and an additional autobiography, Lone Fox Dancing, was printed in 2017. The Lamp is Lit is a group of essays and episodes from his journal.

Since 1963 he has lived as a contract author in Mussorie, a city within the Himalayan foothills in Uttarakhand the place he lives along with his adoptive household in Landour, Mussoorie’s Ivy Cottage, which has been his dwelling since 1980. Requested what he likes probably the most about his life, he mentioned, “That I’ve been in a position to write for therefore lengthy. I began on the age of 17 or 18 and I’m nonetheless writing. If I weren’t an expert author who was getting printed I’d nonetheless write.” In his essay, “On being an Indian”, he explains his Indian id, “Race didn’t make me one. Faith didn’t make me one. However historical past did. And in the long term, it is historical past that counts.”

His sister Ellen lived in Ludhiana along with his step sister till she died in 2014. He additionally has a brother, William, who lives in Canada.


Most of his works are influenced by life within the hill stations on the foothills of the Himalayas, the place he spent his childhood. His first novel, The Room On The Roof, was written when he was 17 and printed when he was 21. It was partly based mostly on his experiences at Dehradun, in his small rented room on the roof, and his mates. His earlier works have been written without it being meant for any specific readership. His first kids’ e-book, Offended River, printed within the 1970s, had its writing toned down on a writer’s request for a kids’ story. On writing for kids, he mentioned, “I had a fairly lonely childhood and it helps me to know a baby higher.” Bond’s work displays his Anglo-Indian experiences and the altering political, social, and cultural features of India, having been via colonial, postcolonial, and post-independence phases of India.

Bond mentioned that whereas his autobiographical work, Rain within the Mountains, was about his years spent in Mussoorie, Scenes from a Author’s Life described his first 21 years. Scenes from a Author’s Life focuses on Bond’s journey to England, his battle to discover a writer for his first e-book The Room on the Roof and his craving to return again to India, significantly to Doon. “It additionally tells loads about my mother and father”, mentioned Bond. “The e-book ends with the publication of my first novel and my resolution to make writing my livelihood”, Bond mentioned, including: “Mainly, it describes how I grew to become a author”.

Being an author for over 50 years, Bond experimented with completely different genres; early works embody fiction, quick tales, a novella with some being autobiographical. Later, he tried out non-fiction, romance, and books for kids. He mentioned his favorite genres are essays and quick tales. He considers himself a “visible author” as a result of brief tales, he first imagines it like a movie after which notes it down. For an essay or travelogue, such planning will not be wanted for him. He feels the surprising there makes it extra thrilling. Bond likes Simply William by Richmal Crompton, Billy Bunter by Charles Hamilton, and classics comparable to Alice in Wonderland and works by Charles Dickens and Mark Twain.


John Llewellyn Rhys Prize1957
Sahitya Akademi Award1992
Padma Shri1999
Padma Bhushan2014
Lifetime Achievement award2017


Rusty is a well-liked fictional character created by Ruskin Bond. Rusty is an orphaned sixteen-year-old Anglo-Indian boy residing in Dehradun. He’s orphaned and has no actual household. He begins residing along with his guardian Mr. John Harrison, who’s stern and harsh in his manners. Rusty is obliged to observe the orders and guidelines of his guardian and dares not disobey him. He feels helpless as a result of he is aware of that if he disobeys Mr. John, he’ll get caned. He would not have any actual mates and he finds himself very lonely in his guardian’s home. He lives within the European a part of Dehradun, however needs to embrace Indian tradition and way of life. He makes mates with some Indian boys within the native market. He hides the very fact from Mr John and continues to go on secret adventures with them. Very quickly he decides to run away from the captivity of Mr John and return to England. Rusty’s character provides a youngster’s perspective who’s battling along with his confusions about life, relationship, happiness and love.

Inspiration for the character

Rusty was created by Ruskin Bond to put in writing tales about his personal previous. His first e-book, The Room on the Roof, which he wrote at the age of 17, was a semi-autobiographical story with Rusty being the protagonist. It was based mostly on his mates and the time he spent in a rented room, when he was in Dehradun. Most of Rusty’s preliminary years are set within the location of Dehradun, a scenic place in northern India. Ruskin Bond was deeply hooked up to Dehra and most of his tales are impressed by the hills and valleys of this area.


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